个性化鞋垫对步行足部感知及足踝功能的影响
DOI:
作者:
作者单位:

1.河北师范大学体育学院;2.河北省人体运动信息测评重点实验室

作者简介:

通讯作者:

中图分类号:

基金项目:


Effect of personalized insole on foot perception and ankle function in walking
Author:
Affiliation:

Fund Project:

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
  • |
  • 文章评论
    摘要:

    目的:通过对主观舒适度和行走时足底压力的评测,整合主观感知和生物力学指标,探究个性化鞋垫对正常足型足部感知和足踝功能的影响。方法:招募16名具有正常足型的男性受试者,采用视觉模拟量表评价极简鞋和个性化鞋垫着鞋干预下主观舒适度指标的差异;通过单因素重复测量方差分析赤足、极简鞋、个性化鞋垫三种着鞋条件支撑期各阶段时间和足底压力的变化;通过多重线性回归筛选极简鞋和个性化鞋垫下影响着鞋总体舒适性的主要指标。结果:在主观舒适度测评上,加入个性化鞋垫后鞋总体舒适性、后跟缓冲、前足缓冲、足弓支撑性、前足包裹和足部控制性高于极简鞋(P<0.05);在足底压力测评上,着鞋行走的步态支撑期缓冲阶段高于赤足和极简鞋(P<0.05),个性化鞋垫的动态足弓指数大于极简鞋和赤足行走(P<0.05),极简鞋动态足弓指数大于赤足(P<0.05),加入个性化鞋垫中足冲量占比高于赤足行走(P<0.05),着鞋时压力中心轨迹的平均斜率低于赤足(P<0.05),个性化鞋垫压力中心轨迹斜率低于极简鞋(P<0.05);线性回归结果显示,足弓支撑性和中足冲量占比对鞋总体舒适性有着显著性影响(P<0.05)结论:个性化鞋垫主要通过对足弓的影响提高正常足的总体舒适性,加入个性化鞋垫后,步行的缓冲能力和足部控制能力提高,足部在冠状轴上受力的偏移减小;足-鞋垫-鞋共同影响人体足部感知,鞋垫要综合足型、着鞋条件和鞋垫材质等多方面进行选择。

    Abstract:

    Objective: Through the evaluation of subjective comfort and plantar pressure during walking, integrating the subjective perception and biomechanical indexes, to explore the effect of personalized insole on foot perception and ankle function of normal foot. Methods: Sixteen male subjects with normal foot type were recruited, and the visual analog scale was used to evaluate the difference of subjective comfort index under the intervention of minimalist shoes and personalized insoles, the changes of time and plantar pressure in each stage of barefoot, minimalist shoes and personalized insoles were analyzed by single factor repeated measurement variance. Multiple linear regression was used to screen the main indexes that affect the overall comfort of shoes under very simple shoes and personalized insoles. Results: In the evaluation of subjective comfort, the overall comfort, heel cushioning, front foot cushioning, arch support, forefoot wrapping and foot control of shoes with personalized insoles were higher than those of simple shoes (P < 0.05). In the measurement of plantar pressure, the gait support buffer stage of walking with shoes was higher than that of barefoot and minimal shoes (P < 0.05), and the dynamic arch index of personalized insole was higher than that of minimalist shoes and barefoot walking (P < 0.05). The dynamic arch index of minimalist shoes was higher than that of barefoot (P < 0.05), and the proportion of foot impulse in personalized insoles was higher than that of barefoot walking (P < 0.05). When wearing shoes, the average slope of pressure center track was lower than that of barefoot (P < 0.05), and the slope of pressure center track of personalized insole was lower than that of minimalist shoes (P < 0.05). The results of linear regression showed that arch support and the proportion of middle foot impulse had significant influence on the overall comfort of shoes (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Personalized insole can improve the overall comfort of normal foot mainly through the influence of foot arch. After adding personalized insole, the cushioning ability and foot control ability of walking are improved, and the force deviation of foot on the coronal axis is reduced. Feet-insoles-shoes jointly affect the perception of human feet, insoles should be selected in many aspects, such as foot type, shoe conditions and insole materials.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
  • HTML阅读次数:
  • 引用次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-17
  • 最后修改日期:2021-05-29
  • 录用日期:2021-06-02
  • 在线发布日期:
  • 出版日期: